Union soldiers in Arlington wrote from geographic locations such as Arlington Heights and Hall’s Hill. While the forts in the defenses of Washington are well-documented and photographed, it can be difficult to find information on temporary camps and hospitals. State and local historical organizations help piece together the “puzzle” of a Civil War ancestor’s life after consulting on-line photographs and other sources available through the Library of Congress and National Archives and Records Administration.
For example, on December 31, 1861, Iselin Roberts of the 4th NY Cavalry wrote a letter to “My Dear Wife Nelly” from Camp Hunters Chapel. Information from the Arlington Historical Society website http://www.arlingtonhistoricalsociety.org and Arlington United Methodist Church historian Sara Collins locates this camp at Glebe Road and Columbia Pike, at the site of the Hunter’s Chapel Methodist Church. The Union Army established a camp and appropriated church building materials. Hunters Chapel’s successor, Arlington United Methodist Church, is two blocks away.
The New York State Museum and Veteran’s Research Center website has a regimental history of the 4th NY Cavalry’s service, including their journey to Fairfax Court House and onward to the First Battle of Bull Run/Manassas, and the writings of Gustavus Asche-Berg, “This Sorrowful War: A Veterinary Surgeon in the 1862 Shenandoah Valley Campaign.”
Another New York regiment stationed at Hunter’s Chapel, the 8th NY Infantry, also known as the German Rifles or Blenker’s Division, was made up of German immigrants. The aristocratic military veterans of European wars in Blenker’s Division impressed General-in-Chief George McClellan with their drilling practices and neat campsites. A book owned by Arlington Central Library, The Soldier’s Pen: Firsthand Impressions of the Civil War by Robert E. Bonner contains soldiers’ writings and drawings from the Gilder Lehrman Collection of New York City. A unique drawing of Camp Hunter’s Chapel and drawings of other Northern Virginia locations by Private Henry Berckhoff of the 8th NY German Rifles can be found in this book and in a virtual exhibit on the Digital History website of the University of Houston.
What about you?
Do you have a Civil War ancestor who came to Arlington? Do you know of documents or images of the Civil War in the Northern Virginia area? The Virginia Room wants to know.
Transcribed text of letter from Iselin Roberts to wife Nelly
Headquarters New York Mounted Rifles
4th Calvary N.Y. Volunteers
Camp Hunter’s Chapel, Virginia
My Dear Wife Nelly,
I wrote to you two days ago and I cannot help writing to you again. You will excuse the writing as my head aches so I can hardly see I have such a bad cold still I must have a few words with my Nelly. I received an nother Box yesterday from my Sisters and Brothers for Christmas and we had a jolly time over it I assure you for there was lots of good things in it. My Dear Nelly, I wrote to you on Sunday last the day that I received your letter and I am in hopes that I will hear from you soon again. I wish that you could write to me often as your letters do me so much good, and I like to hear from you so very much.
Dear Nelly, I did not say much in my last as I was in such a hurry but you can give my Best Respects and wish all of them a Happy New Years for me. I mean Mrs. Phillips, Mrs. Jenner, Mrs Simmons, Mrs. Richmond, Mrs. Clark, Mrs. Green, Mrs. Arnold and all inquiring friends, also Mr. Phillips, Mr. Jenner, Mr. Rodman, Dr. Crane, Dr. Baker and all of your friends. I hope there will be no trouble about the Furlough, they say that we will get paid the fifth of January. I hope we will as I want to try and bring the money home to you. I haven’t much to say at present, only I hope that my dear Nelly will have a good New Years.
- Arlington Historical Society website http://www.arlingtonhistoricalsociety.org
- Bonner, Robert E., The Soldier’s Pen, Firsthand Impressions of the Civil War, New York: Hill and Wang, 2006.
- Cooling, Benjamin Franklin III, Owen, Walton H. II, Mr. Lincoln’s Forts: A Guide to the Civil War Defenses of Washington, Lanham MD: Scarecrow Press, 2010.
- Digital History, University of Houston website: http://www.digitalhistory/uh.edu/ Virtual Exhibitions: Watercolor Sketchbook by Henry Berckhoff 8th NY German Rifles, Gilder Lehrman Collection GL1606 p.6 Morning Scene at Camp Hunter’s Chapel, October 1861.
- Gernand, Bradley E., A Virginia Village goes to War: Falls Church during the Civil War, Virginia Beach, VA: Donning Co. Publishers, 2002.
- Gilder Lehrman Collection website: http://www.gilderlehrman.org
- New York State Museum and Research Center http://www.dnma.state.ny.us
- Virginia Room Newsclipping Files – Civil War – Various categories Includes notes by Arlington United Methodist Church Historian Sara Collins, U.S. Sanitary Commission list of camps, lists of many Union regiments in Arlington.